In this section we’ll see some important things that happened during all these years.
All began in 1827, in Gurb, in the colony of Malars, located between the River Ter and the Gurri to take advantage of the water and generate hydraulic energy. In this year a fleet of French, British and Russian, defeated the naval forces of Ibrahim Bajá, who directed the fight against the Greeks for their independence.
In 1855, the first general strike of workers in Spain was registered, while the newspaper “Daily Telegraph” appeared in Britain.
An important event for the evolution of Catalonia happened in 1870, when electricity was introduced as a driving force.
Five years later, in 1875, it reached Vic, the year in which Antonio Machado was born and Hans Christian Andersen died.
In 1880, we can see that Gurb grows the number of workers in Malars, because labour in Osona was cheaper than in Barcelona and therefore, many people went to the region. However, there were many more workers outside of Catalonia, and thanks to this, the construction of the tunnel that connected Switzerland and Italy through the Alps could be completed.
Three years after the arrival of the railway in Vic, approximately in 1883, the first public railroad for horse-drawn merchandise was inaugurated in Great Britain.
And finally, in 1885, Louis Pasteur, a scientist of the Academy of Sciences of France, reported that he has found a method to prevent rabies after the bite of an animal.
Between 1890s and 1950, a series of events related with industrial revolution and evolution happened.
In 1892, the Sucre Factory was built in Vic, one of the two in Catalonia. The purpose of this factory was the production of sugar, but due to the failure of the business, it became a soup shop factory. Between 1891 and 1892 there was an economic crisis in Spain, which caused some manufacturers to take advantage of this crisis to renew machining in the industry and, therefore, many workers were unemployed.
In 1895, the war began in Cuba against Spanish rule. Due to this Carlist war, many people of Gurb had to go to fight the War of Cuba. In that same year, he was born in Murcia, Juan de la Cierva, a man who later invented the craftair and was the announcer of the helicopter.
A year later, la Farinera de Vic was built, which, at that time, was used for the production of sausages. This same year, in 1896, there were the Olympic Games in Athens, and it should be noted that they were the first modern Olympics.
In 1898, Spain declared war in the United States and, because of that, the country lost the colonies of Cuba, the Philippines and Puerto Rico.
In 1910 the new train station was built in Vic, the same year that the Spanish government authorised women to study at the University, which until then had not been possible.
In 1912, the year in which the Spanish president José Canalejas was assassinated at the Puerta del Sol, the San Bartolomé road began to be built, which passes through Gurb and is the main road.
A few years later, in 1929, the first midwife for pregnant women appeared in Gurb.
In 1931, with the Second Republic, Catalonia was able to recover the institutions and, furthermore, Catalan was approved as the official language, a very important fact for the native Catalans. In the same year, apart from the approval of the Catalan language, Spain gave women the right to vote, one of the other important points for the evolution of the country.
The Spanish Civil War began in 1936 and lasted until 1939. During this time, the Vic Sugar Factory was used to manufacture aircraft engines. Besides, with the beginning of this stage, the working classes gain power over the factories.
When the Spanish Civil War ended, the Second World War, which lasted until 1945, began internationally. In the middle of this period of wars, in 1942, the Spanish poet Miguel Hernándezdied in the infirmary of a prison in Alicante.
Finally, in 1950, and after the end of the Second World War, there were the first migratory movements towards Vic, thanks to its economic activity.
From the 1950s until the present, many events related to the industrial revolution have happened.
The first important event that happened in Europe was in 1965, when they signed the treaty of merging of the European communities. A fact that happened in Catalonia that improved the quality of life of many families was the formation of the association of Sant Tomàs. Two years later, remains of a castle were discovered at the top of the Gurb Cross Mountain. In the same year, a new sculpture by Joan Miró was opened: “Model for Woman, bird and a star”. Equatorial Guinea became independent from Spain while in London the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (non-nuclear weapons) was signed by triplicate.
In 1969 they awarded Jordi Rubió i Balaguer the first Prize of Honor for Catalan Letters. In Spain, however, ETA began to make terrorist attacks. Europe officially set the goal of creating the Euro, but it was not finally done. In Vic, Girbau opened in 1971 and in Catalonia, Assemblea de Catalunya opposed the dictatorship of Franco. In 1974 Vic built the first industrial estate. This caused that many factories were located in the same place. In Europe, and specifically in Portugal, there was the red carnations revolution. The following year was a very important year. Catalan was declared official language, General Francisco Franco died and the European Space Agency began to operate.
For a few years, there were not many facts that stood out much. The most important ones were the following: in 1981 there was a coup d’etat in Spain, in 1983 Casa Tarradellas opened in Gurb and in 1986 Spain joined the European Community.
The year 1991 was a very tough year for Vic, as there was an attack on the barracks of the civil guard where 10 people and 44 wounded died, while in Europe the USSR disappeared (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). The following year, in Barcelona there were the Olympic Games where twenty thousand permanent jobs and forty thousand temporary jobs were created. The economic impact was of thirteen billion euros directly and twenty million euros indirectly. Vic, during the Olympic games, hosted the roller hockey competitions. In Spain there was also a great advance with the transport, since the first high-speed train was opened.
Little happened until 1997, when Spain entered NATO (Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty). After that, we come to the 21st century, where the euro was finally established as the official currency in Europe. Two years later, in Madrid (Spain) there was a terrorist attack. Finally, we reach 2005, when Llet Pascual opened in Gurb, same-sex marriage was legalized throughout Spain and in London there were two very serious terrorist attacks where 52 people died and many other people were injured.The following year, in Catalonia Artur Mas won the elections. Then, little happened until 2009, when a treaty was signed in London for the crisis to end. In 2010, thousands of people went to different cities to express themselves for real democracy. In 2012, London became the first city where the Olympics had been celebrated three times. Two years later, King Juan Carlos I retired after 39 years because of the health problems he had. That same year, for the first time, an artifact managed to land on a comet, launched by the European Space Agency.
In 2016, Britain decided to leave the European Union with 52% of votes in favor. The following year was a blow to Catalonia, since a referendum was celebrated but many civil guards attacked and hurt a lot of people just to stop the voting. Because of this, 11 politicians and the bosses of the squad were jailed unjustly. Meanwhile, in Spain an attack of a Chinese virus affected thousands of computer of many companies. One very important news that Italy received in 2018 was the discovery of a saltwater lake in the subsoil of Mars.